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Attracting Birds to Your Backyard: A Guide to Bird Feeders and Houses

Attracting Birds to Your Backyard: A Guide to Bird Feeders and Houses

Having a backyard filled with the delightful songs and vibrant colors of birds is a dream for many nature enthusiasts. By creating a bird-friendly environment, you can attract various bird species to your backyard, providing them with a safe haven and a reliable food source. Bird feeders and houses play a crucial role in inviting birds to your outdoor space and enhancing their well-being. In this guide, we will explore the different types of bird feeders and houses, discuss how to select the right ones, and provide tips for creating an environment that birds will love. So, let’s embark on this exciting journey of attracting birds to your backyard!

Attracting Birds to Your Backyard: A Guide to Bird Feeders and Houses

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
  • Why Attract Birds to Your Backyard?
  • Choosing the Right Bird Feeders
    • Platform Feeders
    • Tube Feeders
    • Hopper Feeders
  • Selecting Bird Houses
    • Nesting Boxes
    • Choosing the Right Location
  • Creating a Bird-Friendly Environment
    • Providing Water Sources
    • Landscaping for Birds
  • Feeding and Maintenance
    • Choosing the Right Bird Food
    • Cleaning and Hygiene
  • Common Birds and Their Preferences
    • Cardinals
    • Bluebirds
    • Hummingbirds
  • Conclusion
  • Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Why Attract Birds to Your Backyard?

Birds offer much more than just their aesthetic appeal and melodic tunes. They play a vital role in maintaining the balance of our ecosystem. Birds help with pollination, seed dispersal, and insect control. By attracting birds to your backyard, you contribute to the preservation of biodiversity and support the overall health of the environment. Additionally, observing and interacting with birds can bring immense joy and a sense of connection with nature. So, let’s get started on making your backyard a bird paradise!

Choosing the Right Bird Feeders

Bird feeders are essential for providing birds with a consistent food source throughout the year, especially during the colder months when natural food supplies may be scarce. Here are a few popular types of bird feeders:

Choosing the Right Bird Feeders

Platform Feeders

Platform feeders are simple and versatile. They consist of an open tray where you can place a variety of bird seeds, fruits, or nuts. These feeders are suitable for attracting a wide range of bird species, including ground-feeding birds like sparrows and juncos. Platform feeders are easy to clean and refill, making them a convenient choice for bird enthusiasts.

Tube Feeders

Tube feeders are slender cylindrical containers with multiple feeding ports. They are designed to dispense small seeds like sunflower seeds and nyjer seeds. Tube feeders are particularly favored by finches, chickadees, and titmice. The design of these feeders helps protect the seeds from moisture and

keeps larger birds from accessing the feed.

Hopper Feeders

Hopper feeders are larger, house-shaped feeders that can hold a significant amount of birdseed. They feature a reservoir with a tray or perch where birds can feed. Hopper feeders are attractive to a variety of bird species, including cardinals, blue jays, and woodpeckers. These feeders provide ample space for multiple birds to feed simultaneously.

Selecting Bird Houses

Bird houses, also known as nesting boxes, provide birds with a safe and cozy space to build their nests and raise their young. Here’s what you need to know about selecting bird houses:

Selecting Bird Houses

Nesting Boxes

Nesting boxes come in various shapes and sizes, each suitable for specific bird species. Research the types of birds in your area and their nesting preferences to choose the right bird house. Different birds have different entrance hole sizes, cavity depths, and interior dimensions. Providing the appropriate nesting boxes increases the likelihood of attracting specific bird species to your backyard.

Choosing the Right Location

Placement is crucial when it comes to bird houses. Mounting the boxes at the right height and in suitable locations will increase their appeal to birds. For example, bluebird houses should be mounted on poles or posts in open areas, while woodpecker houses are better placed on the trunks of trees. Ensure the houses are protected from predators and face away from prevailing winds. It’s also essential to provide enough distance between multiple houses to avoid territorial conflicts.

Creating a Bird-Friendly Environment

Attracting birds to your backyard involves more than just feeders and houses. Creating a bird-friendly environment ensures that birds feel welcome and comfortable in your outdoor space. Consider the following tips:

Providing Water Sources

Birds need access to clean water for drinking and bathing. You can install a birdbath, a shallow dish with water, or even a small pond or fountain. Place the water source in an open area where birds can easily spot any approaching predators. Remember to clean and refill the water regularly to maintain hygiene and freshness.

Landscaping for Birds

Strategically planting native trees, shrubs, and flowers in your backyard provides birds with natural perching spots, nesting materials, and food sources. Research the local plant species that attract birds and create a diverse landscape that blooms throughout the year. Consider incorporating fruit-bearing trees and nectar-producing flowers to entice a broader range of bird species.

Feeding and Maintenance

Once you have set up bird feeders and houses, it’s essential to maintain them properly to ensure the well-being of the birds. Here are a few key considerations:

Feeding and Maintenance

Choosing the Right Bird Food

Different bird species have varying dietary preferences. Research the types of birds you wish to attract and provide suitable birdseed or food. Sunflower seeds, millet, nyjer seeds, and suet are popular options. Avoid using food with additives or artificial coloring, as they may be harmful to birds. Offering a variety of food will attract a diverse range of bird species.

Cleaning and Hygiene

Regular cleaning of bird feeders and houses is crucial to prevent the spread of diseases among birds. Clean the feeders and houses every one to two weeks using a mild soap and water solution. Rinse thoroughly and allow them to dry completely before refilling. Remove any accumulated debris or mold. Keeping the feeding area clean helps maintain the health of the birds visiting your backyard.

Common Birds and Their Preferences

Different bird species have unique preferences when it comes to food and nesting. Here are a few examples:


Cardinals are known for their vibrant red plumage. They are attracted to sunflower seeds, safflower seeds, and cracked corn. Providing a platform feeder or a hopper feeder with a large tray can

accommodate their larger size.


Bluebirds are delightful songbirds that prefer insects and berries. Offering mealworms and planting berry-producing shrubs like elderberry or serviceberry can attract them. Bluebirds are more likely to nest in specific bird houses designed specifically for them.


Hummingbirds are tiny and fascinating creatures that require nectar as their primary food source. Hang a hummingbird feeder filled with a homemade nectar solution (four parts water to one part sugar) in a shady area. Planting tubular flowers like salvia or bee balm will further entice them.


Creating a bird-friendly backyard not only brings joy and beauty but also contributes to the preservation of our natural ecosystem. By providing bird feeders, houses, water sources, and a suitable environment, you can attract a diverse range of bird species to your outdoor space. Remember to choose the right feeders and houses based on the preferences of the birds you wish to attract. Regularly maintain the feeders and houses, clean them to prevent diseases, and offer a variety of bird food to meet the dietary needs of different species. By taking these steps, you create a welcoming haven for birds while contributing to their conservation.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. How often should I clean my bird feeders?
    Cleaning bird feeders every one to two weeks is recommended to maintain hygiene and prevent the spread of diseases.
  2. What is the best location for bird houses?
    The location of bird houses depends on the bird species you want to attract. Research the nesting preferences of specific birds and mount the houses accordingly, ensuring they are protected from predators.
  3. Can I use artificial food coloring in hummingbird nectar?
    It is not recommended to use artificial food coloring in hummingbird nectar, as it may be harmful to the birds. Stick to a homemade nectar solution of four parts water to one part sugar.
  4. How can I deter squirrels from bird feeders?
    To deter squirrels, consider using squirrel-proof feeders with mechanisms that prevent them from accessing the food. Placing baffles or greasing poles can also help keep squirrels away.
  5. Why is it important to provide a water source for birds?
    Birds need water for drinking and bathing. Providing a water source helps them stay hydrated and maintain their plumage by regular bathing, especially during dry and hot periods.

Remember, if you need professional assistance with bird control or wildlife management services, consider reaching out to 21Wildlife Control. Their team of experts can provide effective solutions to protect your home and surroundings while respecting the ecological balance.

Now, let’s start creating your bird-friendly backyard and enjoy the wonders of nature right at your doorstep!